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Olympic medal count: USA sets historic gold medal mark

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• Before London 2012 began, British Olympic officials said matching their Beijing performance would be a success. Well, we'll call this a smashing success, then. It won 10 more golds (19 to 29) and 18 more total medals (47 to 65). To no one's surprise, Britian's best sport was track cycling, where it won nine medals, seven of them gold. That was actually a decline from the 12 total medals in Beijing, though. Britain also won nine medals in rowing – four gold.

• London 2012 marked by Britain's best performance at a Summer Olympics since 1908, when it won 56 golds and 146 total medals. Previously, Beijing had been Britain's next best Summer Olympics performance. 

Michael Phelps won more medals than any other Olympian: six. Next came the USA swimmers Ryan Lochte, Missy Franklin, and Allison Schmitt, as well as Australian swimmer Alicia Coutts on five. Chinese swimmer Sun Yang and Russian gymnast Aliya Mustafina won four. 

• The USA won at least one medal in 21 different sports, the most of any nation. China and Russia won medals in 20 sports, and Britain in 18.   

• Women won 56 percent of the medals for both the US and China. Men won 60 percent of the medals for Britain. Among top medal nations, South Korea was the most unbalanced, with 75 percent of its 28 medals coming from men. 

• Of nations with at least 10 medals, Iran had the highest percentage won by men: 100 percent (12 of 12). Belarus had the highest percentage won by women: 69 percent (9 of 13). Chinese Taipei was Iran's reverse, leading the female-medalist-only medal table, but it won only two medals (silver and bronze).

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