The former rebel group, which waged a violent campaign against the monarchy, would face ongoing social unrest in the Himalayan country.
Former Maoist rebels in Nepal look set to seize power through the ballot box as the country awaits the final results of recent elections. The step will see a remarkable transition for a movement that led a 10-year insurgency that claimed up to 14,000 lives.
The group, still labeled a terrorist organization by the United States, has promised to abide by a multiparty democratic system. The Maoists' leader, known by his nom de guerre, Prachandra, which means "the fierce one," told reporters that the party was "committed to the peace process and multiparty democracy and to rebuild this country," reports the BBC.
Although the Maoists have not yet renounced violence, they will almost certainly now have to adjust from being a party of revolt to being a party at the heart of government.
Results from last Thursday's elections for a special assembly meant to write a new constitution and formally abolish the 240-year-old Hindu monarchy show the Maoists have won 83 of the 160 seats declared, according to election officials.
Despite their good showing so far, a complicated electoral system will make it difficult for them to win an absolute majority in the new assembly, charged also with running the country for at least two years.
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