While final results are still several weeks away, a Maoist victory is likely to spark significant political change in the mountain kingdom, says The Times of London:
If the Maoists emerge as the dominant force in the assembly, they will insist that it abide by a pre-election agreement to abolish the 240-year-old monarchy at its first meeting. They are also likely to demand a strong, executive presidency, occupied by Prachanda.
At the heart of the Maoist insurgency was a drive for greater social equality and the ousting of the monarchy.
King Gyanendra, who assumed power after a prince murdered the rest of the royal family in 2001, sacked his government and assumed absolute power in 2005. Subsequent antimonarchy demonstrations helped push opposition parties and the rebel Maoists together, and Gyanendra was forced to give up authoritarian rule. The following year the government and Maoists reached a peace agreement that ended the long and violent insurgency, comments the Council of Foreign Relations (CFR):
A peace deal between the Maoists and the government in November 2006 put an end to a decade-long civil war that had resulted in thousands of deaths and widespread human rights abuses by both the Maoists and the Nepalese security forces. According to Human Rights Watch, "Nepal ranks near the bottom of nearly all indexes of human well-being and development." The long-drawn conflict has left the country impoverished and "seriously hampered aid distribution, health care and education."