SETTLEMENTS FOUNDED OR LEGALIZED AFTER CAMP DAVID SUMMIT
Aqraba, Israeli-occupied West Bank Neima. Date: January 1979. First settlement announced after Camp David. Still officially a "nahal," or paramilitary border settlement, as were most Jordan Valley outposts in their early stages. Israeli officials say it will be converted to full civilian settlement. Description: about a half- dozen prefabricated buildings with an estimated population of several dozen people.
Mehola B. Date: February 1979, North Jordan Valley. Description: still a collection of army tents.
Matityahu. Date: Begun in autumn of 1979, still under construction as of early 1980. Description: about 125 acres of land requisitioned. Local Palestinians appealed to Israeli Supreme Court, but the court ruled in favor of the action. To date, about 12 prefab buildings are being set up.
Efrat. Date: announced in 1979. Description: site is in so-called Etzyon block, location of several Jewish settlements before the area was taken by the Arabs in the 1948 war. Efrat is on the southwest approaches to Bethlehem. Local press reports indicate the settlement will occupy as many as 500 acres, with an estimated 5,000 housing units.
Elon Moreh. Date: approved by Cabinet June 1979. Makeshift trailer settlement begun overnight with a helicopter airlift. Local Palestinian land owners appealed successfully to Supreme Court, which in milestone decision ordered the settlement moved. Government promptly went to work on nearby Jebel Kbir which, as you will note, is included as a separate settlement on the Drobles Plan. At this writing, a few of the Elon Moreh settlers are still vowing to stay put.
Ein Shemesh (sometimes called Maaleh Adumin Permanent). Date: mid-1979. Description: earth-moving machines have flattened a large plateau guarding the eastern approaches to Jerusalem, and looking across West Bank expanses toward the Jordan River in the other direction. The site totals some 250 acres hovering above the main Jerusalem-Jericho road.
It is to become, in effect, a Jewish suburg of Jerusalem. Even Israeli officials achknoledge that it is to complete the settlement ring round Jerusalem and emphasize Israel's determination to retain a "united Jerusalem" as its capital.
Karnei Shomron B. Date: bulldozers plowed a road to prospective site in May 1979. (See main story.) Work on settlement began following month. First stage of construction is to provide accommodation for several hundred families. Less than 100 housing units are now completed.
Masuah New Site. Date: late 1978. Description: on a site of about 200 acres in the Jordan Valley. Accommodation for about 100 families, but not full at this writing. Affiliated with the National Religious Party, a member faction is the Begin coalition.
Yafit. Date: Although land clearing started in 1978, construction on site actually began in 1979. As of start of this year, the site was still unoccupied. About 40 housing units were going up. About 100 acres of land have been cleared in the area
Maaleh Adumin B. Date: September 1979. About two dozen prefabricated housing units have been set up on site just northeast of the larger Ein Shemesh area -- apparently, like Ein Shemesh, to be largely a Jewish dormitory settlement on the fringes of Jerusalem. The headman of the nearby Arab village of Anata got Israeli courts to hand back stand the takeover of a much larger parcel registered under the joint name of the village during Jordanian rule.
Jebel Kbir. Date: begun in late 1979 as new site for Elon Moreh. Hugh earth-moving machines have carved rudiments of a small town into this hill dominating the approaches to Nablus, the West Bank's largest Arab town. The site is expected to be ready by late January of this year, but not all of the Elon Moreh group has yet agreed to move.
There also have been (unconfirmed) local news reports that some of the Elon Moreh settlers have been buying land from Nablus Arabs in a bid to find a way to stay put without violating the Israeli Supreme Court decision against the original settlement.
Givon B., or Mitzpeh Givon. Date: announced in January 1980 following a sit-in by settlers from the existing Givon settlement for the stated purpose of keeping local Arabs from cultivated surrounding ares before the new settlement could go up. Both Givon sites are affiliated with ultranationalist Gush Emunim group. The so-called "Givon block" under the Drobles plan guards northwest flank of the settlement circle around Jerusalem.
According to provisional figures the Drobles plan, which Western diplomats feel [Word Illegible] outstrip the West Bank, some 500 families are initially slated to live in Givon B, with another 2,500 in the following five years.
Levona. Date: January 1980. Near the Arab village of Luban, due east of Ben-Gurion International Airport but across the "green line" separating pre-1967 Israel from the West Bank. The hill site, according to a Jerusalem Post report Jan. 21, will be inhabited mostly by Israeli "aircraft industry employees." No further details yet on size.
Total post-Camp David settlements: 13, of which nine are in the populated heartland of the West Bank.
Fourteenth possible settlement going up some 2 kilometers north of Jewish settlement town of Kiryat Arba (near Hebron). Israelis there say it will be an extension of Kiryat Arba. If it goes ahead, it will clearly be a separate site, but it is too early to say construction is under way. Witnesses say only some preliminary clearing in area.