News In Brief
The real goal of international terrorists is to ``expel America from the world,'' President Reagan told delegates to the American Bar Association's annual convention here. In his first major foreign policy pronouncement since the recent hostage crisis in Beirut, Mr. Reagan talked tough to those nations that engage in terrorist activities. He particularly branded Iran, Cuba, Libya, North Korea, and Nicaragua as being part of a ``confederation of terrorist states'' engaging in ``acts of war against the government and people of the United States.''
The President also noted the ``close relationship'' of the Soviet Union with these terrorist states.
The purpose of these ``outlaw'' states is clear, he explained. It is ``to disorient the United States, to disrupt or alter our foreign policy, to sow discord between ourselves and our allies, to frighten friendly third-world nations working with us for peaceful settlements of regional conflicts, and to remove American influence from those areas of the world where we are working to bring stable, democratic government.''
Syria has been frequently identified by the United States as a sponsor of terrorism but was not included in Reagan's remarks, perhaps because Syrian President Hafez Assad was helpful in winning the release of the American hostages in Beirut.
Reagan repeated his determination that Beirut International Airport should be closed until it can be ``made safe.'' He pointed out that since 1970, 15 percent of the world's hijackings have involved this airport.
The President referred to the American people as ``easygoing'' and ``slow to wrath.''
``But it is also true,'' he stressed, ``that when the emotions of the American people are aroused, when their patriotism and their anger are triggered, there are no limits to their national valor nor their consuming passion to protect this nation's cherished tradition of freedom.''
Addressing himself specifically to lawyers and judges gathered here, Reagan said the menace of terrorism must be acted against ``with the full weight of the law --both domestic and international.''
Shultz pledges US support for Israeli austerity plan
Secretary of State George P. Shultz sent a letter pledging full support for Israel's economic austerity plan, indicating that the US may expedite emergency aid to Israel, a government official said Monday. Meanwhile, Secretary Shultz, on an official visit to Bangkok, Thailand, condemned the Vietnamese presence in Kampuchea (Cambodia) as ``arrogant and illegal'' and pledged continued US support for Thailand.
Shultz visits Thai villages and Cambodian refugee camps along the frontier today.
Surprise witness in Manila backs official Aquino account
A woman gave testimony Monday in support of the military's account of the killing of Philippine opposition leader Benigno Aquino Jr. Appearing as a surprise defense witness, Pelagia Hilario said she saw a ``man in a blue uniform'' shoot the opposition leader. The military contends that Rolando Galm'an, whom it described as a Communist agent, penetrated security at Manila airport dressed in the blue uniform of an airport worker and shot Aquino from behind on Aug. 21, 1983.
Ms. Hilario's version conflicted with the testimony of Rebecca Quijano, a prosecution witness, who said she saw a Philippine soldier shoot Aquino as he descended the aircraft steps.
Vietnamese lists conditions for Kampuchean troop exit
Vietnamese Foreign Minister Nguyen Co Thach said that Hanoi would pull its troops out of Kampuchea (Cambodia) if Pol Pot was dropped from the Cambodian rebel leadership and China and Thailand stopped helping the rebels. In a Time magazine interview published Monday, the minister was also quoted as saying his government was willing to discuss a proposal for a US office in Hanoi to handle cases of American soldiers still listed as missing in action in Vietnam.
An Indira Gandhi bodyguard pleads innocent in killing
One of Indira Gandhi's former bodyguards, Satwant Singh, pleaded innocent Monday to the assasination of the late prime minister last Oct. 31. Two other Sikhs, Balbir Singh and Kehar Singh, were charged with conspiring to murder Mrs. Gandhi. They too pleaded innocent.
Meanwhile, talks encouraged by current Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi between the Sri Lankan government and six Tamil separatist groups opened Monday in Bhutan. The talks are aimed at finding a solution to the island country's ethnic crisis.
Import surcharge possible, touring congressman says
The US might impose an import surcharge if it cannot reduce its huge trade deficit by other means, US Rep. Don Bonker said Monday. Mr. Bonker heads a congressional delegation visiting Hong Kong to promote US exports. The Washington State Democrat told reporters Congress might adopt a surcharge on all imports as the ``worst possible solution'' to trim the US deficit of $123 billion for 1984.
Nicaraguan foreign minister in protest against US policy
Foreign Minister Miguel d'Escoto, a Roman Catholic priest, said he left his government post and started a hunger strike to express his ``Christian repudiation'' of US policy toward Nicaragua. Fr. D'Escoto said Sunday night the hunger strike was to protest the policies of ``state terrorism disposed by the US government against Nicaragua.'' Deputy Foreign Minister Victor Hugo Tinoco is expected to act in D'Escoto's place.
General Jaruzelski visiting Belgrade for economic talks
Polish leader Wojciech Jaruzelski arrived in Yugoslavia Monday for a state visit, his second outside the Soviet bloc since he took power in 1981. He was expected to meet with President Radovan Vlajkovic, Prime Minister Milka Planinc, and Communist Party President Vidoje Zarkovic. Sources said the general would discuss economic and scientific cooperation during the visit.
Mayor of Fort Wayne, Ind.,resigns but will run again
Mayor Winfield Moses Jr., accused of 1982 violations of campaign finance law, announced his resignation Monday as part of a plea agreement but said he hopes to be back in office in 10 days. Mr. Moses told reporters he had agreed to plead guilty to three misdemeanor violations and pay a fine, which would then allow him to be a candidate for reelection.
French passenger train hits truck at crossing; 12 killed
A passenger train traveling at about 100 m.p.h. smashed into a truck at a crossing Monday, killing 12 people and injuring at least 40 others, including five Americans, French officials said. The train was traveling the Le Havre-Paris line and was carrying about 600 people.
More people going to prison, but for less time, study says
Terms served in state prisons were getting shorter while the rate of people going to prison increased in proportion to the overall population, the Justice Department reported Sunday. Convicts released from state prisons in 1982 typically served 16 months behind bars, the shortest median confinement on record.
Confinements, however, were at an all-time high of 9.8 people out of every 10,000, according to a government survey of the time served by 157,000 inmates released in 1982.
New Zealand ban on A-ships expected in law by year-end
New Zealand will legislate its ban on nuclear-capable warships by the end of the year, Prime Minister David Lange said Monday.