Key Items in De Klerk Speech
The African National Congress, the Pan Africanist Congress, and the South African Communist Party are legalized. About 13,000 exiles are free to return to South Africa unless common law charges are pending against them.
Prisoners serving sentences for political crimes (as the government defines them) will be freed. Seventy-seven prisoners out of about 350 classified ``political'' by the ANC will qualify. The rest the government regards as ordinary criminals.
All executions are suspended until legal changes give judges wider discretion. Death row's 83 political prisoners may be freed.
Media gags on 110 listed communists and 65 members of the ANC and its military wing have been lifted.
Restrictions will be lifted on the United Democratic Front, the Congress of South African Trade Unions, 30 other anti-apartheid organizations, and one extreme right-wing group.
Restrictions are to be lifted on 374 former detainees.
Emergency censorship of the print media is lifted, but some controls on television media will remain.
Arbitrary detention for up to six months will remain, but nationwide emergency will be scrapped as soon as possible.
Nelson Mandela will be released unconditionally; no date set.
A Separate Amenities Act enforcing segregation of municipal facilities will be scrapped in the current Parliament session.
Enforced residential segregation and race classification laws remain, but the government recognizes them as obstacles.
Aims include a new democratic constitution; universal franchise; equality before an independent judiciary; protection of minorities as well as of individual rights.