Turkey earthquake kills 51; scientists say earthquake frequency not rising(Read article summary)
The Turkey earthquake of magnitude-6.0 killed 51 people Monday, on the heels of deadly quakes in Taiwan, Chile, and Haiti. But scientists say earthquakes aren't becoming more frequent.
In yet another deadly rumbling of Earth’s crust, an earthquake in Turkey killed at least 51 people early Monday morning. But scientists are warning against drawing conclusions about increasingly frequent earthquakes.
The magnitude-6.0 earthquake hit at 4:32 a.m. local time in Elazig Province in eastern Turkey, about 340 miles east of the capital, Ankara. It knocked down stone and mud-brick houses, according to reports. More than 50 aftershocks measuring up to 5.5 vibrated the region and slowed efforts to treat dozens of injured people.
The government initially put the death toll at 57 but lowered it to 51. Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan told the press: “Teams from the state mass housing project have also been sent to the area to study how to rebuild the area in different methods."
Richard Luckett, a seismologist from the British Geological Survey, told the Associated Press there has not been a spike in global seismic activity.
"If there was a big increase in the number of magnitude-6.0s in the past decade we would know it because we would see it in the statistics," Dr. Luckett said. "We haven't seen an increase in 7.0s either."
According to the US Geological Survey, the earth usually has one magnitude-8 or higher earthquake per year, some 17 quakes between 7 and 7.9, and roughly 132 earthquakes a year with a magnitude of between 6 and 6.9 – like the most recent quake in Turkey.
The recent earthquakes are not abnormal in frequency, scientists say, but have received more attention because of the loss of human life.
Earthquakes are frequent in Turkey, which sits atop two major fault lines.
In 2007, a magnitude-5.7 quake damaged buildings in Elazig. In 2003, a magnitude-6.4 quake killed 83 children when a school dormitory collapsed in Bingol. In 1999, two powerful earthquakes struck northwestern Turkey, killing about 18,000 people.
“The point is that earthquakes are common and always have been,” Luckett told the AP.