2. What happens next?
Protests have quieted since June 16, when Erdogan ordered police to clear out Gezi Park. The prime minister has offered the possibility of a referendum to decide the future of the park and a court will decide the legality of the commercial development proposed to replace the park.
Such measures are unlikely to resolve protests that now embrace a much broader spectrum of issues. “Gezi Park is a symbol of freedom,” said protester Aytekin Ates on Saturday night, hours after the park was cleared and as police and demonstrators still clashed. “It’s not about the park. It’s about fascism and human rights.”
Opposition groups have continued to protest with nonviolent methods, such as standing for hours in public places. They’ve also held vigils for the five people killed and thousands injured. Mass protests are likely to return if the core issues at stake remain unresolved.