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When's Halley's comet flashes by in 1986, Europe plans to greet it with its own satellite. The satellite will be named "Giotto," after the Florentine painter whose 14 th-century "Adoration of the Magi" includes perhaps the first visual record of the comet.

Giotto's flyby will be sponsored by the ESA, or European Space Agency. It will fly 1 million miles to photograph the comet, measures its magnetic field, and sample the chemical makeup of its vast tail.

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The Russians, Japanese, and perhaps Americans are also planning missions. but the Europeans hope to fly closest to the comet -- perhaps only 1,000 kilometers from its head.m

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