Massachusetts will not have a ''bottle bill.'' That, at least, is the hope of Gov. Edward J. King, who vetoed a bill Oct. 30 that would have required 5- or 10-cent deposits on bottles and cans of soft drinks and beer.
Earlier this year the legislature voted strongly in favor of the increasingly popular antilitter measure, which is similar to laws already on the books in seven states. But Governor King, a Democrat known for his pro-business stance, said the bill ''represents everything wrong with big government regulating the marketplace and increasing costs to consumers.'' Proponents of the bill, pointing to the cleaner landscape in ''bottle bill'' states like nearby Maine, hope the Massachusetts House of Representatives will muster the two-thirds majority necessary to override his veto.