Sweden's Alva Myrdal and former Mexican Foreign Minister Alfonso Garcia Robles - both disarmament campaigners - share the 1982 Nobel Peace Prize, the Norwegian Nobel committee announced Wednesday.
Mrs. Myrdal is an author, a sociologist, and former diplomat and has been a campaigner for disarmament and woman's rights for over 50 years. She is still active in a campaign for nuclear weapon-free zones in Europe. Mrs. Myrdal's husband, Gunnar, is also a Nobel Prize winner, earning the award for economics in 1974.
Mr. Garcia Robles, who is his country's chief delegate to the Geneva talks, was Mexican secretary for foreign affairs in 1975-76 and permanent representative to the United Nations from 1971 to 1975. One of his achievements was to help prepare a 1967 treaty declaring Latin America a nuclear-free zone. This treaty, which banned all nuclear weapons possession, testing, and use in 21 countries of the region, is the only one to date outlawing atomic weapons in an inhabited region of the globe.
Mr. Garcia Robles said Wednesday he hoped this year's awards would encourage nuclear powers to pay more attention to disarmament campaigners like himself, adding that the Nobel Committee wanted this year to highlight the importance and urgency of work for disarmament.
The $170,000 cash prize, a gold medal, and a diploma will be handed over at a ceremony in the marbled hall of Oslo University Dec. 10, the anniversary of the passing of Alfred Nobel, Swedish industrialist and inventor of dynamite.