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New NATO chief takes aim at Soviet charm offensive

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The secretary-general of NATO is supposed to be suspicious of the Soviets. And Manfred W"orner is.

The former West German defense minister, who took up the top NATO post last month from Britain's Lord Carrington, says the Soviets have yet to match friendly words with the sort of deeds which would make him rest easier. Indeed, he sees the current thaw in East-West relations creating challenges as well as opportunities for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

``I think you can only afford to compromise to improve East-West relations if you stand on solid ground,'' Mr. W"orner says. And that means keeping a ``coherent, credible defense posture.''

But that may be easier said than done.

W"orner, the first West German to ever serve as secretary-general, comes to Brussels at a time of unprecedented stirring inside the Western alliance. Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev's charm offensive has found a receptive audience in Western Europe. As a result, it's becoming more difficult to convince Europeans that strong defense is necessary - especially when this means stationing nuclear weapons on their soil.

In W"orner's own country, for instance, more than half those polled now say they don't want to use nuclear weapons as a deterrent against the East bloc.

The selection of a West German to fill the post of NATO secretary-general is significant. It's known that Chancellor Helmut Kohl pushed hard for the choice. Rejection of W"orner would have been seen as a major slap against Bonn. Having a West German in the top position is partly designed to underscore that nation's commitment to the Western alliance.

W"orner is a conservative, known for his strong support for NATO. He has a reputation for thoroughness - carefully poring over background material before making decisions, and seldom speaking hastily.

Settling back in his chair, W"orner admits he has his work cut out for him. Besides trying to keep Western defenses strong, he plans to focus on maintaining alliance unity and taking advantage of opportunities created by the changes in the East.


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