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Iowa Quiet as Democrats Delay Opening Bids for White House

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IOWANS are feeling neglected. Four years ago, 18 candidates for the White House were criss-crossing Iowa, making speeches, visiting cities and hamlets, courting voters. By this time on the election calendar, they had made 376 trips to this state.

Today - silence. No one is here asking for support, opening campaign offices, or plotting strategy. Although Iowa's first-in-the-nation caucuses are barely 20 months away, the hustings lie fallow. ``That is a a clear indication to me that no one feels they can challenge [President] Bush,'' says Hugh Winebrenner, professor of public administration here at Drake University.

But some Democrats disagree and insist they are pleased with the peace and quiet in Iowa. Ron Brown, the national party chairman, says presidential elections drag on too long anyway.

Al From, executive director of the Democratic Leadership Conference, contends that a lengthy campaign in a small state like Iowa backfires against the party. ``When these guys are out there parading around in Iowa, [they appeal] to narrow-interest politics, and that proves counterproductive in the longer term.''

Unlike previous years, no Democrat has emerged as an obvious front-runner for 1992. But recently the first glimmers of activity could be detected among Democrats who might run.

Last week, Mario Cuomo fueled widespread speculation when he announced his reelection campaign for governor of New York - and then refused to promise that he would serve all four years. To the cognoscenti, that was a tantalizing signal: He may run for the White House.

Other Democrats are also being scrutinized. Rep. Patricia Schroeder of Colorado promises to decide by year-end whether she will try for the nomination. Sen. Lloyd Bentsen of Texas is believed to be interested, but he won't test the waters until later this year. Jesse Jackson is widely expected to run. There's speculation about Sen. Sam Nunn of Georgia, Sen. Charles Robb of Virginia, Sen. Bob Kerrey of Nebraska, and several others.

Former Democratic chairman Charles Manatt puts potential Democratic candidates into two categories: the ``Inner 3'' and the ``Outer 4.''

The Inner 3, who must be taken most seriously, are Senator Bentsen, Governor Cuomo, and Sen. Bill Bradley of New Jersey. The Outer 4, whose candidacies would face greater obstacles, are Senator Kerrey, Sen. Al Gore of Tennessee, the Rev. Mr. Jackson, and Gov. Bill Clinton of Arkansas.


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