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Trade Issues Complex, Heated

Experts, diplomats say US officials must move to define goals, avoid trading blocs

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UPON President-elect Bill Clinton's inauguration, his administration will face a most prickly problem: negotiating lucrative trade agreements in foreign markets that have produced adversaries more often than partners in world commerce.

But before working any deals abroad, the White House must get through what could be rough congressional confirmation hearings to win approval for Mickey Kantor, the lawyer/lobbyist who Mr. Clinton has tapped to be the new US trade representative.

Clinton officials must contend with increasing world recession. While stepped-up US exports have accounted for much of the nation's economic growth during the past several years, economies that have been the biggest outlets for US output - in Europe, Latin America, and Japan - are either slowing down or have reached a standstill. Shrinking world demand forces the United States to push more aggressively for export sales and counter strong competition from foreign suppliers anxious to sell to the US.

Now, more than ever, say trade watchers, multilateral accords effectively regulating free and fair commerce must be reached before nations erect more barriers and the globe sections into regional trade blocs.

US officials are in the throes of completing the most comprehensive trade talks to date, the Uruguay Round of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). Involving more than 100 nations and covering a broad range of areas from farm subsidies to intellectual property rights, it has been more than six years in the making.

President Bush just signed the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) with his Mexican and Canadian counterparts, although the new Clinton administration can expect to encounter strong opposition to the pact from many US interest groups. And Washington has been in protracted negotiations with Tokyo over Japan's huge trade surplus with the US.

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