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GOP Wants to Trim `Fat' And Add Military Muscle

But Democrats see base cleanup, missile dismantling as key to security

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CAN the post-cold-war Pentagon, faced with constraints on resources, afford to underwrite inner-city youth programs and security for the Olympic Games?

No way, assert many members of the new Republican majority in Congress. Bound by a ``Contract With America'' pledge to stem military spending cuts, GOP ``defense hawks'' vow to eliminate many of these ``nontraditional'' defense programs from President Clinton's proposed fiscal 1996 budget.

They want the funds redirected to new weapons, military readiness, and pay hikes. ``We need to optimize every defense dollar already requested or appropriated before we talk about spending more money on defense,'' notes Rep. Floyd Spence (R) of Florida, chairman of the House National Security Committee.

The Pentagon never sought some of these programs. They are personal projects that members of Congress slipped into its budget, such as $40 million to renovate New York City's Pennsylvania Station. Others include $210 million for breast cancer research and $10 million for Los Angeles youth programs.

Administration officials would likely not mind if some of these programs are eliminated or transfered to other agencies. But they dispute GOP contentions that savings of up to $11 billion in ``nondefense'' programs could be found in the $250 billion fiscal 1996 Pentagon budget Mr. Clinton has proposed.

``We're talking about three-tenths of 1 percent against a budget of $250 billion,'' says a senior defense official. By no ``stretch of the imagination'' can we cut $11 billon and not hurt the Defense Department.

The administration appears ready to fight for programs it regards as part of the military's ``broader citizenship responsibilities.'' These include anti-drug-smuggling efforts, humanitarian mine-clearing missions abroad, and security for the Olympic Games.

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