Propaganda artists give Uncle Sam a makeover
Uncle Sam, the recruiter, glares out like an eagle.
"I Want You" blares from the poster. Printed under his pointed finger and stern-looking face, the message conveys a powerful command - especially to the potential doughboys who stood before James Montgomery Flagg's 1917 poster.
Some 50 years later, the icon looks battered and bandaged, telling Vietnam-era Americans, "I Want Out."
Today, in a contemporary poster by artist Micah Wright, Sam flexes his muscles, bares his teeth, and clenches a wrench over a caption that reads, "Ashcroft, you're next! Break Our Constitution, I Break Your Face."
The influence of such icons is on display in the exhibit, "American Propaganda Posters," at the Chisholm Gallery in downtown Manhattan. It celebrates a tradition of wartime propaganda in a provocative collection of posters that spans nearly a century.
From World War I to Operation Iraqi Freedom, Uncle Sam remains a powerful symbol for artists as part of a wartime tradition - propaganda. Sometimes words aren't even needed.
For decades, America's famous uncle has cajoled, enraged, and inspired. But instead of seeing poster propaganda in post offices and on government buildings, today it's primarily on the Internet and college campuses. Antiwar artists are reusing old images and stamping them with modern phrases like "No Blood for Oil."
Largely abandoned by the government after World War II, this classic medium is getting a second wind, thanks to modern technology. Hundreds of websites offer free downloads of contemporary propaganda and market the colorful images on everything from underwear to mugs.
The Chisholm exhibit makes one thing clear - poster propaganda has never been more cutting edge. "This one just makes my heart stop," says gallery owner Gail Chisholm, gazing at "I Want Out." "These posters are glimpses into social history." Chisholm says the power of this "seven-second medium" lies in its immediacy.