Lowly status, poor pay, and fear of lawsuits are pushing the numbers of male teachers in US classrooms to an all-time low.
John Yaeger is the first to admit that being a teacher is challenging. He spends his days attempting to teach the basics of spelling and grammar to students who are more interested in playing video games than learning. He also devotes part of his weekend to grading papers and planning lessons.
But hard work, long hours, and modest pay are not the only challenges that Mr. Yaeger faces as a teacher: As a man working in a female-dominated profession, he must also battle stereotypes.
"I have been asked to carry heavy boxes by female teachers and assigned to extra lunch duty and hall patrol because administrators think male teachers are better at dealing with disciplinary problems," says Yaeger, a special education teacher at P.S. 72 in the Bronx. "I also overhear a lot of teachers - smart, educated women who are great teachers - saying that there should be a man in the classroom to solve certain problems."
The assumption that male teachers can be counted on to administer discipline is just one of the gender-related biases that dog men in the profession.
"There is a sexism that accompanies the notion of men as teachers that needs to be challenged," says Bryan Nelson, founder of MenTeach, a nonprofit clearinghouse promoting the recruitment of male teachers.
Even when the stereotypes are positive, says Mr. Nelson, they can be damaging. "We are giving children the message that nurturing and teaching and education must not be important because there are no men around," he worries.
There seem to be fewer than ever these days. Just 21 percent of the nation's 3 million teachers are men, according to the National Education Association (NEA). Over the past two decades, the ratio of men to women in the classroom has steadily declined. Today it stands at a 40-year low.
"The teaching profession is definitely dominated by females," says Donald Washington, senior program analyst for the NEA.
The shortage of male teachers is most pronounced in elementary school, where men make up just 9 percent of teachers, but middle schools and high schools also suffer from a male-female imbalance.
Currently, in secondary schools, about 35 percent of teachers are men - the lowest level ever for the profession.
At P.S. 72, just five of the 70 teachers are men, and the numbers are similar in classrooms across the country.