The Handmaid's Tale
Atwood's tale of future shock – feminist style.
[This review from the Monitor's archives originally ran on Feb. 24, 1986.] In the introduction to a 1982 collection of her essays, Canadian novelist Margaret Atwood admits, “I began as a profoundly apolitical writer, but then I began to do what all novelists and some poets do: I began to describe the world around me.''
In The Handmaid's Tale, her sixth and most controversial novel, Miss Atwood goes a step further. She describes the world that she imagines our present world could lead to. Out of the threads of current headlines she has woven a garment that is part political tract, part suspense thriller, part cautionary tale. Call it future shock, feminist-style. “The Handmaid's Tale'' chillingly projects a repressive new social order where women are stripped of all identity and exist “for breeding purposes'' only.Some details of Atwood's bizarre anti-Utopia are at least as repellent as those in such forerunners as Aldous Huxley's “Brave New World'' in 1932 and George Orwell's “1984'' 16 years later. Those two novels have come to be seen as fiercely moral tracts that jarred their readers to awaken them. Will Atwood, as different from Huxley and Orwell as they were from each other, join them in the accepted ranks of those disguised idealists who image the future as a nightmare in order that it may remain just that – a fantasy? Certainly the early reviews of her book have been mainly positive.
What Atwood offers most persuasively is the provocative idea that women's subjugation is symptomatic of an inverted world in which everything is poisoned, from the laws of the police state to the polluted environment.
The time is the near future, the place is the Republic of Gilead – formerly known as the United States. A coup d’etat by religious fundamentalists has left the President and Congress dead, the Constitution suspended, and borders sealed. Rulers of the new theocracy, seeking to repair the damages wrought by a society “dying of too much choice,'' now specialize in public executions and private humiliations.