3. Estate taxes go up
The tax rate on estate taxes will rise to 40 percent, up from 35 percent in 2012. The first $5 million of an individual's estate will be exempted ($10 million for family estates), the same as in 2012. The deal averts the "fiscal cliff" provisions, which will have lowered the exemption to $1 million and increased the tax rate to 55 percent. And the exemption levels would be indexed to inflation, so gradually even bigger estates would avoid the tax.