The Fed is sending a message: Stop eating. Stop driving. Start buying more electronics.
SPM-Gruppe Prof.R. Wiesendanger/medicalpicture/Newscom
In today’s Wall Street Journal, David Wessel (“Capital” column, A5) revisits the question of whether current Fed policy is inflationary. He correctly states the Fed’s position is that inflation is caused by expectations. Inflation will stay low if people expect it to stay low. He quotes Fed Chairman Bernanke: “The state of inflation expectations greatly influences actual inflation and thus the central bank’s ability to achieve price stability.”
The Fed chairman of course has the causation precisely backwards. Fed policy systematically shapes inflation expectations. His statement is the product of the focus on the short-run and ephemeral over the long-run and permanent. In that, Ben Bernanke follows a long line of central bankers.
In A History of the Federal Reserve, Volume 1: 1913-51, Allan Meltzer summarizes the central bank mindset from the banking school writers like Thomas Tooke down to the Fed. Tooke “denied that money, credit, or base money bore any consistent relation to prices. Most Federal Reserve officials remained in this tradition in the 1920s. They denied that their actions affected prices” (57-58).