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Obama must support India-Pakistan rapprochement

Amid all the bad news, there is a bit of hope in South Asia: India and Pakistan have restarted their peace dialogue, with greater economic engagement. The Obama administration should reinforce this effort, which would help US security interests in the region, especially in Afghanistan.

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India's Trade Minister Anand Sharma (left) talks with his Pakistani counterpart Makhdoom Amin Fahim after crossing into Pakistan, to meet at the Wagah border post, near Lahore Feb. 13. Mr. Sharma was in Pakistan to discuss the slow pace of reducing non-tariff barriers for Pakistani goods entering India, local media reported.

Mohsin Raza/REUTERS

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For all of the bad news emanating out of South AsiaAfghanistan’s bleak prospects, the breakdown in US-Pakistani relations, and growing political instability in Islamabad – there is one heartening development: India and Pakistan have restarted their peace dialogue, which includes important moves toward greater economic engagement.

The Obama administration would do well to reinforce this effort, which, if it bears fruit, would have a very positive impact on US security interests in the region. Fortunately, Washington can do this with a modest level of funding that has already been authorized by Congress.

The annals of India-Pakistan relations are filled with numerous false dawns and the current moves could well founder upon the sharp historical animosities that regularly bedevil bilateral affairs. But things may be different this time.

Reports out of the Pakistani capital indicate that the government realizes it is in desperate economic straits and that closer ties with India constitute a much needed lifeline. The military establishment is also said to understand that the eastern border needs to be stabilized so resources can be focused on combating rising internal security threats.

Both countries just signed agreements this week that will further reduce barriers to bilateral trade. They have announced plans to double their two-way trade flows – to the $6 billion annual level – by 2015, ease visa rules for business travel, and open a new customs post at the Wagah border crossing that lies midway between Lahore and Amritsar.

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