The lesson from the Atlanta flood is that many Americans are unprepared for disaster. Nationally, about 30 percent of storm victims live outside 100-year flood zones.
The reddish waters of the metro Atlanta flood continued to ebb Wednesday, leaving many Georgians knee-deep in mud and uncertain about their future.
Over the weekend and lasting into Tuesday, the floods struck a wide swathe of neighborhoods from rural Cherokee County to the northern suburb of Buckhead, taking ten lives and causing $250 million in damages.
Coming unexpectedly after a two-year regional drought that had residents more used to water restrictions than inundated interstates, many here now face a harsh reality: They didn't think their homes would flood, so they didn't bother to get flood insurance.
Some of those affected took a double-dunk: Their mortgages are already under water, which means they won't have any equity to borrow against to rebuild.
"I saw some potentially bankrupt families," Georgia Insurance Commissioner John Oxendine said after a helicopter tour Tuesday.
Around Atlanta, water could still be seen lapping at some rooftops, the result of nearly 20 inches of rain falling in 35 hours in the Georgia mountains. Many residents left homeless have few options.
"We don't know what to do," Jenny Roque, who lived in a mobile home park west of Atlanta with her husband and four children, told the Associated Press. "The only thing we have left is our truck."
Failure to anticipate
The number of uninsured victims, experts say, shows that even after a decade of major disasters, understanding and communicating risk remains a weak spot in America's preparedness.
Thirty percent of Americans who get hit by floodwaters live outside established 100-year flood zones, according to the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). The 1993 Midwest floods and the 2006 flood in Washington, D.C., are other examples where many property owners failed to anticipate the flooding hazard.