The campaign is part of a broader effort by the administration of President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner to assert sovereign rights to potentially lucrative natural resources in the Falklands territory and Antarctica.
How the islands came to belong to Great Britain, some 8,000 miles away, is a taught history that diverges greatly depending on perspective.
Mrs. Kirchner has framed Britain’s takeover as “a blatant example of 19th-century colonialism” while Falklanders, some of whom trace back nine generations on the islands, say that they are proud of their British heritage.
Argentina says it inherited the islands from Spain after winning its independence in 1816 only to be plundered by British pirates 17 years later.
Argentina’s so-called revisionist historians have reclaimed Antonio “El Gaucho” Rivero, once a condemned figure in Argentina’s history as the leader of a murderous rebellion in the Falklands, as a patriot. Mr. Rivero, hired by French merchant Luis Vernet to work in a settlement that was sold to him by the United Provinces of the River Plate, the predecessor to the Argentine republic, murdered the settlement’s five commanders, the event that triggered Britain’s return to enforce its claim.
In a recent episode of “Zamba’s Amazing Tour,” a popular children’s show produced by a state-run animation company in which a little boy revisits key moments in Argentina’s history, Zamba travels back to 1982 to learn why the islands are Argentine and the injustice of the British occupation.
“There are countries that think they own the world," an Argentine fighter pilot tells Zamba.
Jan Cheek, a member of the territory’s legislative assembly who oversees education, condemns such programming as “almost indoctrination.”