3. China, 2008
China's Sichuan Province was rocked by a 7.9-magnitude temblor on May 12, 2008, that left 87,587 people dead or missing. It affected more than 10 provinces and 45 million people in inland China and prompted landslides and rockfalls that led to additional injuries, death, and damage. More than 5 million buildings collapsed, 15 million people were evacuated, and 5 million people were left homeless. It was the third-deadliest quake to hit the Pacific Rim since 1976.