“These cease-fire violations could be the localized decision of a divisional brigadier or commander unhappy with the India-Pakistan thaw,” says military commentator Ajai Shukla, a former Indian Army officer who has served at the Line of Control. “It is significant that the Pakistani Army has transferred 70,000 soldiers from the Indian border to counterterrorism efforts on the Afghan border in the last two years,” he points out, adding: “It is very likely that there are officers who do not think this is in Pakistan’s best interest.”
Referring to rogue military or militants, Raza Rumi of the Pakistani think tank The Jinnah Institute, says, “While the Pakistani government and military have both tried their utmost to continue the peace process, there may be nonstate actors who could be riled up by the prospect of imminent unemployment.”
While the Pakistani military denied "Indian allegations of unprovoked firing" to Reuters, an Indian Army spokesperson described Tuesday's events as "a serious escalation to the continuing series of cease-fire violations and infiltration attempts."
Many see the killings as a retaliation for the death of the Pakistani soldier on Sunday. As the Pakistan Foreign Office protested the killing by summoning the Indian Deputy High Commissioner, the Indian Army said it had responded to heavy firing from the Pakistani side that destroyed one civilian house on the Indian side.