Germany, France, and UK are ready to impose oil and gas sanctions on Iran to stave off military strikes. But Oct. 1 talks about Iran's nuclear program will likely delay any moves.
Europe's leaders have talked an increasingly tough line on Iran sanctions, including cutting off imports of oil and gasoline, should Iran not satisfy nuclear demands by the United Nations (UN) and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) by the end of September. That deadline is now trumped by the Oct. 1 talks.
In Europe's view, sanctions are punitive and symbolic – an alternative to the military strikes called for today by former Israeli Deputy Defense Minister Ephraim Sneh. But there's fresh debate in Europe over whether sanctions will – or won't – widen a rift between ordinary Iranians and their authoritarian government.
"The EU has so far been able to agree to sanctions stronger than the UN asked for," says Bruno Tertrais of the Foundation for Strategic Research in Paris. "The consensus position on Iran is fairly hawkish."