Malala Yousufzai, a schoolgirl who spoke out against the Pakistani Taliban, was seriously injured when Taliban gunmen fired on her school bus for 'promoting Western culture.'
Hazart Ali Bacha/Reuters/File
Yousufzai became famous for speaking out against the Pakistani Taliban at a time when even the government seemed to be appeasing the hardline Islamists.
The government agreed to a ceasefire with the Taliban in Swat in early 2009, effectively recognising insurgent control of the valley whose lakes and mountains had long been a tourist attraction.
The Taliban set up courts, executed residents and closed girls' schools, including the one that Yousufzai attended. A documentary team filmed her weeping as she explained her ambition to be a doctor.
"My friend came to me and said, 'for God's sake, answer me honestly, is our school going to be attacked by the Taliban?',"
Yousufzai, then 11, wrote in a blog published by the BBC.