Why Middle East Muslims are taught to hate Jews
For far too long the pervasive Middle Eastern qualification of Jews as murderers and bloodsuckers was dismissed in the West as an extreme view of radical fringe groups. But it is not. It is time for the region's secular movements to start a counter-education in tolerance.
Egyptâ€™s newly elected president, Mohamed Morsi, was caught on tape about three years ago urging his followers to â€śnurse our children and our grandchildren on hatredâ€ť for Jews and Zionists. Not long after, the then-leader of the Muslim Brotherhood described Zionists as â€śbloodsuckers who attack the Palestinians,â€ť â€śwarmongers,â€ť and â€śdescendants of apes and pigs.â€ť
These remarks are disgusting, but they are neither shocking nor new. As a child growing up in a Muslim family, I constantly heard my mother, other relatives, and neighbors wish for the death of Jews, who were considered our darkest enemy. Our religious tutors and the preachers in our mosques set aside extra time to pray for the destruction of Jews.
For far too long the pervasive Middle Eastern qualification of Jews as murderers and bloodsuckers was dismissed in the West as an extreme view expressed by radical fringe groups. But it is not.
All over the Middle East, hatred for Jews and Zionists can be found in textbooks for children as young as 3, complete with illustrations of Jews with monster-like qualities. Mainstream educational television programs are consistently anti-Semitic. In songs, books, newspaper articles, and blogs, Jews are variously compared to pigs, donkeys, rats, and cockroaches, and also to vampires and a host of other imaginary creatures.
Consider this infamous dialogue between a 3-year-old and a television presenter, eight years before Mr. Morsiâ€™s remarks.
Presenter: â€śDo you like Jews?â€ť
â€śWhy donâ€™t you like them?â€ť
â€śJews are apes and pigs.â€ť
â€śWho said this?â€ť
â€śWhere did he say this?â€ť
â€śIn the Koran.â€ť
The presenter responds approvingly: â€śNo [parents] could wish for Allah to give them a more believing girl than she ... May Allah bless her, her father, and mother.â€ť
This conversation was not caught on hidden camera or taped by propagandists. It was featured on a prominent program called â€śMuslim Woman Magazineâ€ť and broadcast by Iqraa, the popular Saudi-owned satellite channel.
It is a major step forward for a sitting US administration and leading American newspapers to unequivocally condemn Morsiâ€™s words. But condemnation is just the first move.
Here is an opportunity to acknowledge the breadth and depth of the attitude toward Jews in the Middle East, and how that affects the much desired but elusive peace process between Israel and the Palestinians.
So many explanations have been offered for the failure of successive US administrations to achieve that peace, but the answer is in Morsiâ€™s words. Why would one make peace with bloodsuckers and descendants of apes and monkeys?
Millions of Muslims have been conditioned to regard Jews not only as the enemies of Palestine but as the enemies of all Muslims, of God, and of all humanity. Arab leaders far more prominent and influential than Morsi have been tireless in â€śeducatingâ€ť or â€śnursingâ€ť generations to believe that Jews are â€śthe scum of the human race, the rats of the world, the violators of pacts and agreements, the murderers of the prophets, and the offspring of apes and pigs.â€ť (These are the words of the Saudi sheik Abdul Rahman al-Sudais, imam at the Masjid al-Haram mosque in Mecca.)
In 2011, a Pew survey found that in Turkey, just 4 percent of those surveyed held a â€śvery favorableâ€ť or â€śsomewhat favorableâ€ť view of Jews; in Indonesia, 10 percent; in Pakistan, 2 percent. In addition, 95 percent of Jordanians, 94 percent of Egyptians, and 95 percent of Lebanese hold a â€śvery unfavorableâ€ť view of Jews.
In recent decades Israeli and American administrations negotiated with unelected Arab despots, who played a double game. They honored the formal peace treaties by not conducting military attacks against Israel. But they condoned the Islamistsâ€™ dissemination of hatred against Israel, Zionism, and Jews.
As the Islamists spread their influence through civil institutions, young people were nursed on hatred.
In the wake of the Arab Spring, as the people take a chance on democracy, they and their new leadership want to see their ideals turned into policy.
For too many of those who fought for their own liberation, one of those ideals is the end of peace with Israel. The United States must make clear to Morsi that this is not an option.
This is also a crucial opportunity for the regionâ€™s secular movements, which must speak out against the clergyâ€™s incitement of young minds to hatred. It is time for these secular movements to start a counter-education in tolerance.
Ayaan Hirsi Ali is a fellow at the Belfer Centerâ€™s Future of Diplomacy Project at the Harvard Kennedy School, and author of the books â€śInfidelâ€ť and â€śNomad: From Islam to America: A Personal Journey Through the Clash of Civilizations.â€ť