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A global model for peacebuilding – in Somalia?

One of the world's most famous failed states, Somalia, finally shows surprising signs of progress. One reason may be Somali fatigue over violence, anarchy, and foreign meddling.

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A Somali National Army soldier stands outside the port city of Kismayo after the jihadist rebels al Shabab rebels retreated on Friday.

Reuters

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Somalia has long been the very model of a modern failed state. The largely ungoverned country on the Horn of Africa has suffered through pirates, terrorists, warlords, foreign invaders, and bandits, not to mention famine. Since 1991, more than a dozen plans to fix it have been tried by the international community.

For a world now very weary of mistakes made in trying to push democracy in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Syria, it is easy to forget about Somalia.

But we shouldn’t.

Since August, Somalis have set up a new parliament and chosen a respected president, Hassan Sheikh Mahmoud, under a new constitution. Many of the worst warlords have been outflanked by a “constructive elite.” And last Friday, the last stronghold of armed jihadist group Al Shabab fell to Kenyan and Somali troops in a night raid on the port town of Kismayo.

Much more still needs to be done before Somalia can be called a functioning country with a democracy. The gains made so far are fragile. But experts wonder if these latest hopeful actions show that Somalis are finally so fed up with violence, anarchy, and foreign intervention that they are now ready to build state institutions through inclusive politics and to reclaim their sovereignty and unity.

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