“The Postal Service requires radical changes to its business model if it is to remain viable in the future,” Donahoe told Sen. Joseph Lieberman (I) of Connecticut, chairman of the committee. “The Postal Service is in a crisis today because it operates with a restrictive business model…. [Its survival rests on its] ability to operate more as a business does.”
Donahoe reiterated a list of cost-cutting measures he has been proposing in recent months to erase the agency’s deficit, which could reach up to $10 billion this fiscal year. They include eliminating Saturday mail delivery, closing as many as 3,700 postal locations, and laying off 120,000 workers – nearly one-fifth of the agency’s work force. (This doesn’t include another 100,000 jobs lost to attrition that the agency does not plan to replace, for a total of 220,000 lost positions.)
The Postal Service will handle an estimated 167 billion pieces of mail this fiscal year, down 22 percent from 2006. E-mail communication, electronic bill payments, and the economic downturn have taken a toll on the USPS, which is facing its second straight year of losses of more than $8 billion.
The Postal Service is also hampered by high personnel costs and contractual promises made to unionized workers, including a no-layoff clause and the prefunding of retiree health benefits. In fact, wages and benefits for its 571,566 full-time employees account for 80 percent of the Postal Service's operating budget, compared with 53 percent of UPS's and 32 percent of FedEx’s, two of its biggest private competitors.
The Postal Service is asking Congress to allow it to break union contracts to lay off workers and to loosen a requirement to prefund future retirees’ health-benefit costs.