Obama also called for changes in some mandatory spending programs, such as agricultural subsidies and the federal pension insurance system. In that category, his plan projects savings of $360 billion by 2023.
And on Social Security, a particularly sensitive issue among his Democratic base, Obama did not offer specific reforms, just a repeat of his call “to strengthen Social Security for future generations.” He stated that while the program is “not the cause of our deficit, it faces real long-term challenges in a country that’s growing older.”
The White House's budget projections earlier this year suggested that cumulative annual federal deficits over the next 10 years (to 2021) would amount to $7.2 trillion. The nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office last month said the White House's figures might underestimate the 10-year deficits by $2.3 trillion.