The Triangle Shirtwaist fire 100 years ago today gave impetus to the US labor movement, which gathered broad public support. But today, unions aren't seen as positively.
David Joles/The Star Tribune/AP
Francis Perkins, who witnessed the blaze that killed 146 garment workers – most of them immigrant women – and who later became Franklin D. Roosevelt's secretary of Labor, called it "the day the New Deal began." It was during this era that the National Labor Relations Act began prohibiting unfair labor practices.
Meanwhile, labor unions – sometimes in violent confrontation with mill and mine owners – organized into powerful political forces, changing the way of work across the country (bringing a two-day weekend, for example) and spreading to service sectors of the economy and to government bureaucracies.
But in recent years, and as the economy has faltered, unions have lost public support.