Would change on gays allow Boy Scouts to recapture role in society? (+video)
The Boy Scouts has signaled it may remove a ban on gays that caused a rift within the movement. This could help improve both Boy Scout enrollment and fundraising.
The Boy Scouts of AmericaÂ is in the process of removing its national antigay policy. The Texas-based youth group announced Tuesday that it will vote next week on whether to allow decisions about gay members to be made at the local level.
But as this group that was once nearly synonymous with American youth has begun dismantling a policy that some of its chapters have dubbed â€śrepugnant,â€ť the question arises, can this century-old institution ever be as dominant as it once was in American family life?
Families simply have so many other choices, as well as demands on their time, that itâ€™s unlikely a single group will ever have that central a role in the life of American youngsters again, says Susan Shapiro Barash, who teaches gender studies at Marymount Manhattan College.
â€śIt certainly evokes a gentler time in our countryâ€™s history,â€ť she says. â€śThe sheer fun, the boyishness of it, now is not so much front and center in our culture,â€ť she adds, noting that parents are more deliberate in their after-school choices.Â â€śThere is so much more competition to get ahead from an earlier age that being a Boy Scout now is probably not as expedient.â€ťÂ
This is a parenting reality that April Masini, an online advice columnist based in Naples, Fla., says she regularly encounters in questions from parents about the right choices to make for their childrenâ€™s activities.
â€śThe generation of helicopter parents who usher their children through childhood like white on rice have found myriad options of after-school activities, many of which are considered pre-college application favorites â€“ and yes, I'm talking about activities for kids of all ages, including pre-school,â€ť she notes via e-mail.
Parents seek out chess and debate teams for kindergartners, as well as museum-hosted enrichment and other programs such as the Center for Talented Youth at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore that include families and elementary school kids who are gifted, she points out. â€śThe Boy Scouts have competition, and families have options,â€ť she adds.
This weekâ€™s announcement about its policy on gays could be critical to the Boy Scouts halting the losses to its ranks. The Boy Scouts of America did not return calls for comment, but a 2010 Boston Globe article about the groupâ€™s centennial celebration noted that between 1998 and 2009, national BSA enrollment shrank from roughly 3.3 million to some 2.7 million. A 2010 Gallup poll showed that while some 45 percent of men 50 and older had been Boy Scouts, that figure shrank to 27 percent of men aged 18 to 24.
Many observers say the groupâ€™s latest move to back away from an organization-wide ban on gays may be decisive in stopping further shrinkage. â€śThis is huge, real progress,â€ť says Andrew Koppelman, a law professor at Northwestern UniversityÂ nearÂ Chicago and co-author of â€śA Right to Discriminate? How the Case of Boy Scouts of America v. James Dale Warped the Law of Free Association.â€ť
He notes that the no-gays policy had created a divisive struggle between a number of the largest urban chapters and the Plano, Texas-based organization.
â€śThe Chicago chapter has had a very hard time raising money because so many businesses do not want to be associated with discriminatory policies,â€ť he says. This has been particularly hurtful to the urban chapter, which relies on paid staff because of a lack of volunteers.
A coalition of BSA chapters in New Jersey tried to state a nondiscriminatory policy, posting one online, Professor Koppelman says, but the national organization threatened the stateâ€™s chapters with being cut off, â€śso they took it down.â€ť The new stance on gays, he notes, â€świll be very welcome.â€ť
Many parents, heterosexual and gay, have found the policy on gays a deterrent to joining the BSA, says Abbie Goldberg, associate professor of psychology at Clark University in Worcester, Mass.Â The author of â€śLesbian and Gay Parents: Research on the family life cycleâ€ť says that in the process of interviewing both heterosexual and gay parents for her book, she found that concern about a policy that was out of step with the rest of the world was keeping parents from putting their sons in the BSA.
This is a shift from the BSAâ€™s own history, Ms. Goldberg notes. â€śThe group was a leader in reaching out to blacks and Jews at a time when other organizations were discriminating,â€ť she says, adding that BSA will most likely not die out, but â€śit will probably narrow its appeal.â€ť
For instance, she says, it will help families in urban areas where public programs are being cut and where they have fewer options.
But scouting families say the organization is as important as ever.
â€śBoy Scouts is a private organization, but it is also an American institution that develops character. Its highest level of leadership training (Wood Badge) requires involvement in bringing diversity to your scout unit,â€ť says Michael Reinemer, who is a Scout leader in Annendale, Va., where his 10-year-old son is a Cub Scout, currently graduating into Boy Scouts.
His own father was a Boy Scout and the 59-year-old health-care worker says this new ruling will help a lot.
â€śThe new decision is going to bring many families back to scouting,â€ť he says, â€śbecause the old policy was just so disheartening it made many people turn away. It was so out of step with the 21st century. I am very pleased,â€ť he says.
On the other hand, the BSA may have to do nothing short of reinventing itself as a completely coed movement to get on the schedule for the 4- and 6-year-old sons of David Cohen, a constitutional law and gender issues expert at Drexel University Law School in Philadelphia.
Sex segregation is simply not an option, he says. Children today are growing up in a world full of girls and boys, all of whom they will have to learn to interact with and understand, he notes. â€śThese are the skills they will need for the rest of their lives, so why remove them from their formative years?â€ť he asks.