Peruvians reacted angrily to the release of American Lori Berenson, who was serving a 20-year term for terrorism in Peru. Berenson, now a mother, must stay in Peru to serve the remaining five years of her sentence.
Judge Jessica León accepted on Tuesday Ms. Berenson’s request to be released after having served three-quarters of her 20-year sentence. Berenson, however, must remain in Peru through the end of her sentence, in 2015, and report to judicial authorities every 30 days. A list of other conditions also restricts where she can live and the people with whom she can associate.
The conditions were not enough for most of Peru’s media, which published scathing articles against the decision. Most dailies used the word “terrorist” in their headlines to describe the 40-year old Berenson and one, Expreso, said Peruvians would never forget Judge Leon’s name for this affront to the nation.
Marcos Ibazeta, a retired judge who presided over Berenson’s retrial in 2001 and handed down the 20-year sentence for her ties to the Marxist Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement (MRTA), says that he does not agree with parole for Berenson or other inmates serving sentences on terrorism charges.
“Terrorist organizations inflicted a great deal of suffering and loss on Peru. I believe that parole should be the exception and not the rule in these cases, with judges being much more rigorous in their analysis,” he says.
Jaime Antezana, a sociologist who has studied terrorism in Peru for many years, says that while Leon’s decision is controversial, paroling Berenson or others who are coming to the end of their sentences is not a threat to Peru.
“MRTA does not exist and its members have concluded that they can bring about change through the democratic system. The problem here is that there are sectors, in the media and elsewhere, who do not want to understand this,” he says.