The Yemeni Coast Guard comprises 57 sea vessels and 1,200 sailors who are tasked with combating threats from Somali pirates, traffickers, and terrorist attacks. Miles of coastline remain unprotected.
Sarah A. Topol
• A local, slice-of-life story from a Monitor correspondent.
Staring at the calm turquoise waters of the Gulf of Aden, it’s easy to forget that only miles away, chaos reigns. The Yemeni Coast Guard patrolling the jagged 1,500-mile coastline has no shortage of security concerns: Somali pirates seize ships; human traffickers smuggle African refugees; gunrunners and drug traffickers transport their goods. The potential for a terrorist attack constantly abides.
To combat these threats, the Yemeni Coast Guard, comprising 1,200 sailors and 57 sea vessels, is “working 24 hours [a day] to protect the coast,” says Col. Mohammed Iharsh. “If someone wants to enter, they have to have permission. And during the entrance of these boats, we search all the boats to find what’s inside them, to protect the cities and the coast.”
IN PICTURES: Somali pirates
But increased vigilance may not be working, due to the shoreline’s sheer size and the limited logistical capacity of the Yemeni Coast Guard. Miles of coastline remain unpatrolled. Though their numbers have dropped, human smugglers continue to bring refugees from war-torn Somalia and other Horn of Africa countries. According to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, since the beginning of 2010, some 9,400 illegal immigrants have arrived here.