Mexico accuses China of breaking world trade rules
Mexico issued its fourth World Trade Organization complaint against China, claiming China gives itself tax breaks and other deals. Mexico and China are major competitors in clothing and textiles.
Mexico¬†has accused¬†China¬†of breaking¬†World Trade Organization¬†rules by giving tax breaks and other favorable deals to its own clothing and textile businesses, the global trade body said on Monday.
Mexico¬†filed a complaint with the WTO saying¬†Beijing¬†was effectively subsidizing Chinese companies in those sectors by exempting them from income taxes, value-added taxes and municipal taxes, the organization said in a statement.
Other Chinese support that¬†Mexico¬†said broke WTO regulations included cash payments from government agencies and discounts on loans, land rights and electricity prices.
The brief WTO statement announcing the latest dispute did not provide details about the size of the alleged Chinese support or its impact on¬†Mexico's trade.
Trade diplomats were not immediately available to comment on the case at the¬†WTO's headquarters¬†in Geneva.
"The existence of subsidies in¬†China, which violate WTO regulations, give producers from that country an unfair advantage, distort international markets and seriously damage Mexican industry," they said.
The treaty - negotiated over a period of seven years - formed part of¬†China's conditions for entering the WTO.
Under terms of the agreement,¬†Mexico¬†placed fixed tariffs of up to 1000 percent on products including textiles, shoes and toys, all vulnerable to being undercut by cheaper Chinese imports. The tariffs gradually decreased to zero by December 2011.
In January 2009,¬†Mexico¬†challenged grants, loans and incentives that¬†Beijing¬†offered Chinese companies. The United States and¬†Guatemala¬†filed identical cases against¬†China¬†at the time, but none progressed to the litigation stage.
Last month the¬†United States¬†launched a WTO complaint against Chinese car exports.¬†China¬†hit back with its own suit, saying U.S. duties targeting export-promoting subsidies themselves broke WTO rules.