The locals in Buner district opposed the arrival of the militants, writes the Pakistani newspaper the Daily Times:
The officials told Daily Times that when tribal elders heard that Taliban had entered Buner, a grand jirga was held in the office of the Buner district coordination officer to devise a strategy to tackle the Taliban.
The jirga decided that prompt action must be taken against the Taliban and called on the people of Buner to take up arms to evict them from the district. They gave the Taliban one day deadline to leave the district, warning that the residents would otherwise be compelled to take action against them.
The police and armed civilians took up positions at Bhangra area to stop the Taliban from moving further into the district.
The insurgents refused to leave, so the locals decided to resist. They organized a type of tribal militia known as a and clashed with the Taliban, reports the Pakistani daily Dawn:
Three police officials, two Lashkar (militia) men and sixteen militants were killed in overnight clash between Taliban and Qaumi Lashkar in Buner district.... Following the battle, the Taliban took possession of the bodies of two Lashkar men and three police constables and even opened fire on Lashkar men when they tried to rescue the bodies early on Tuesday morning.