THE CANDIDATES ON THE ISSUES: #5 HUMAN WELFARE; ANDERSON,
Worker's rights Anderso would liberalize the social security "retirement test" limiting earnings by recipients from part-time employment. He supports the social security system but sees grave, long-term funding problems that "require a . . . fundamental adjustment." He says his administration would squarely face the basic problem -- the rising proportion of beneficiaries to contributors. Possible answers, says Anderson, might be to lower benefits or raise the retirement age. But he says the government must act soon so that future retirees will know what they are facing.
Anderson favors expanding the eligibility for extended unemployment compensation in this time of high jobless rates. And he says the government should "adopt a countercyclical revenue-sharing program providing $500 million in relief for hardpressed communities (those with very high unemployment) in fiscal year 1981 and $1 billion in fiscal 1982. Health care
Anderson opposes a national health plan, which he believes would simply lead to even higher costs and poorer service; he does support a program to provide insurance against catastrophic illness. His platform says: "We cannot afford comprehensive, nationalized health care at this time. . . . We need an innovative, practical federal health policy which cloes the gaps in our health-care system and complements and sustains the inherent strengths of a private-based system."
He would propose a "responsible federal health-care policy to better insure access to adequate health care, and protection from impoverishment. This program would extend medicaid and medicare to cover a number of services not now included."
Anderson would not diminish the role of the OSHA in trying to ensure that workplace conditions do not pose present or future dangers to employees. Education
Anderson was a proponent of the Federal Department of Education when Congress voted to establish it in 1979; he says it will streamline federal education programs and make them more efficient.
He hopes the new department will redefine the federal role inprimary and secondary education. There must be oversight of federal dollars, he says, but it "should not be intrusive or destructive of local school matterS."
Anderson would appoint a presidential commission on primary and secondary education to assist in redefining the federal role. It would propose means to reduce the paper-work burden, evaluate financial needs of school better, restore state and local initiative, minimize federal intrusion, and harmonize federal and state regulation.
He says federal aid must "continue to play a leading role in ensuring that schools districts with insufficient local resources can provide equal education opportunity."
He opposes tuition tax credits for private primary and secondary education.
Anderson says he woudl absolutely oppose any attempts to pass a constitutional amendment prohibiting busing to desegregate. Housing, welfare
Anderson does not believe that transferring all responsibility for public welfare programs back to the states is an appropriate means of dealing with the problems. He says greater administrative efficiency can be realized by combining the "large-scale delivery programs at the federal level with the greater equity and savings that can be realized at the local level by closer supervision and over-sight."
He says enactment of the Social Welfare Reform Amendments of 1979, already approved by the House, would be a good first step toward reform of public assistance.
Anderson supports "full and adequate funding of the food-stamp program."
In housing, Anderson is for "new initiatives to stimulate private construction of multifamily housing, including increased shallow interest rate subsidies and increased tax incentives, including accelerated depreciation."
Anderson also backs urban homesteading and other programs to encourage conversion of abandoned buildings from other uses to housing. Civil rights
An Anderson administration would "use its resources of persuasion to obtain enactment of the ERA and to block adoption of statutory and constitutional restrictions on every woman's freedom of choice in matters of reproduction." He says he would "develop a joint strategy with state sponsors in unratified states" and "publicize the truth about ERA and expose distortions that are prevalent," He supports boycotts in states that have not ratified ERA.
Anderson would make a "systematic effort to dentify women for key positions, using the many women's organizations and other sources."
He claims to have been a "vocal supporter of every major piece of civil rights legislation from the 1964 Civil Rights Act to the 1980 Fair Housing Act. He cites his "steadfast loyalty" to equal education opportunity, open housing, and employment for all.
Anderson supports legislation to authorize the Department of Housing and Urban Development to order violators to cease discriminatory practices and to assess civil penalties against those accused of violating the Fair Housing Act. Civil liberties
Anderson is strongly opposed to a constitutional amendment banning abortions. He says, "I think that is a moral issue that ought to be left to the freedom of conscience of the individual. And for the state to . . . tell a woman that she must carry that pregnancy to term regardless to her personal belief, that I think violates freedom of conscience as much as anything that I can think of."
He urges that federal programs providing funding for medical care in pregnancy and childbirth include funding for abortion and wants increased government funding of family planning services, including services for teen-agers.
He decries a "litmus test for the selection of judges, that only judges that hold a certain, quote, view on the sanctity of family life ought to be appointed to the federal judiciary."
Anderson is for gun control. He says he would submit handgun legislation proposing to stop the manufacture, sale, and transfer of cheap handguns ("Saturday-night specials") and requiring the purchasing of licenses for handguns.
The independent candidate is opposed to a constitutional amendment providing for voluntary prayers in public schools.