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Anti-apartheid movement launched in South Africa

Some 8,000 people of all races met here this weekend to launch the biggest anti-apartheid movement in South Africa since the African National Congress was outlawed in 1960.

The United Democratic Front, an alliance of about 400 civic, religious, trade union, and sports groups that claims to represent about 1 million people, is demanding a republic without racist strictures.

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After a mass rally Saturday night, the UDF leadership spent Sunday planning a campaign against Prime Minister P. W. Botha's recent reform moves and other proposed laws that aim to tighten the movement of blacks in urban areas. Because of a ban on outdoor political gatherings, meetings were being held in a civic hall and a huge tent.