Corruption, along with a strong public reaction to it, is driving the leaders of the world's two biggest countries to shape up. The moral awakening to the need for honesty in governance cannot be reversed.
India and China compete at many levels, from sports to GDP growth. But in recent weeks, the world’s two most populous nations have also been forced to show their own people that they can curb the pervasive corruption that so corrodes their societies.
It’s a contest driven by a newfound public yearning for honesty and transparency in government – and perhaps inspired by the Arab Spring’s demands for accountability from leaders.
China’s long struggle with graft made a big turn July 23 when two high-speed bullet trains collided, killing 40 people. The collision ignited surprising public concern despite the tight one-party controls, in part because a former railway minister had recently been sacked for taking some $122 million in kickbacks.
Officials did admit management “flaws” in running one of the nation’s prestigious projects. And Prime Minister Wen Jiabao pledged a probe “that will withstand the test of history.” But the media have been silenced in covering the tragedy.
Corruption was clearly put on China’s agenda back in 2008 when the Sichuan earthquake killed thousands of children caught in badly constructed school buildings. And after almost every case of mass food poisoning or environmental pollution, cries go up about slippery palms being the likely cause.
China’s presumptive next leader, Vice President Xi Jinping, may have been chosen in part because of his clean reputation. After all, he has written that “transparency is the best anticorrosive.” And just last month, the ruling Communist Party celebrated its 90th anniversary with President Hu Jintao giving a speech whose dominant theme was the party’s need to “resist” corruption.