Immigration bill and Obama's trip to Mexico: Why the two are linked
President Obama's trip to Mexico will help better integrate the two economies. And a piece of the Senate immigration-reform bill focuses on integrating the mainly Mexican population of undocumented immigrants. Each country must respect the other's sensitivities on these two integrations.
President Obama makes a two-day trip to Mexico this week with the hope of better integrating the US economy with that of its southern neighbor. He describes commercial ties as already “massive” and “huge.” This is thanks in part to two decades of reform in Mexico. That effort has quickened under a new president, Enrique Peña Nieto. Mr. Obama’s trip should help nudge these improvements along.
At the same time, Obama just endorsed a bill in the Senate that would, among other things, provide better ways to integrate the largely Mexican population of 11 million illegal immigrants into American society – assuming the bill passes and the undocumented workers obtain legal status. Its passage is hardly assured.
Taken together, the president’s trip and the immigration-reform bill are forcing Americans to come to grips with Mexico and Mexicans in ways not seen since the controversial passage of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) in 1994.
This is why these two steps toward better integration – closer commercial ties and the possible assimilation of millions of Mexicans into American society – require careful attention. Both countries must be sensitive to each other’s national identity, their checkered bilateral history, and mutual economic benefits.
NAFTA helped create a favorable view of Mexico among Americans after decades of unfavorable views. But the perception has gone negative since 2010, according to polls, caused in part by news about Mexican drug-gang violence. Both Obama and Mr. Peña Nieto hope to change those views by focusing attention away from the security issue to economic opportunities.
“We don’t want to define this relationship with Mexico ... in the context of security or counternarcotics trafficking,” said US Secretary of State John Kerry last month.