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Halting aid to Egypt over military 'coup' would hurt US interests

Some in Congress want to call the military takeover in Egypt a coup and cut off the $1.5 billion aid the US gives the country annually. This position fails to appreciate the limits of the leverage Washington derives from its aid to Cairo and the potential consequences of halting it. 

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Female members of the Muslim Brotherhood and supporters of deposed Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi rally at the Rabaa Adawiya square in Cairo, July 11. Op-ed contributor Jeffrey Martini writes: 'Those that advocate for suspending' US aid to Egypt miss 'the broader strategic picture....Like it or not, Washington and Cairo need one another.'

Amr Abdallah Dalsh/Reuters

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When Egyptians took to the streets demanding the ouster of President Morsi, the Egyptian military could have intervened with a scalpel. Instead it used a hammer. Less than a week into the intervention, the military has deposed the president, taken senior members of the Muslim Brotherhood into custody, suspended the constitution, dissolved the upper house of parliament, taken control of the country’s flag ship newspaper, intimidated independent media, and escalated violence against pro-Morsi demonstrators.

Thus far the US administration has assiduously avoided the term “coup” to describe the military’s actions. This is a conscious effort to avoid tripping the legal requirement that the US suspend aid to countries where the military has overthrown democratically elected governments. Not surprisingly, many disagree with the administration’s approach. Critics advocate for acknowledging that what occurred in Egypt is a coup and shutting off the more than $1.5 billion that Egypt receives annually from the US government.

Unfortunately, this position fails to appreciate the limits of the leverage Washington derives from its aid to Cairo and the potential consequences of halting it.

The United States has provided several streams of aid to Egypt over the past three decades. The largest stream is the $1.3 billion in Foreign Military Financing that is given to Cairo annually to acquire fighter jets, tanks, helicopters, and the spare parts and maintenance each piece of equipment requires.

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