“We are prepared to engage North Korea, but we need to see a change in North Korean behavior first," agreed Robert Einhorn, Washington’s point man on nuclear nonproliferation, as he announced a new set of US sanctions against Pyongyang on Monday.
“The US is essentially requiring as a precondition that North Korea make the first move back onto the denuclearization path, and North Korea has shown no indication it is ready to make that move,” says Scott Snyder, head of the Center for US-Korea Policy at The Asia Foundation in Washington.
“That is China’s problem” as the chair of the six-party talks, adds Daniel Pinkston, a Seoul-based analyst with the International Crisis Group, a diplomatic think tank. “Beijing has to convince the other parties that North Korea is negotiating in good faith.”
South Korean Foreign Minister Yu Myung-Hwan told Japanese journalists last week that before any fresh talks, Pyongyang “should resume disabling its key nuclear facilities, bring in inspectors from the International Atomic Energy Agency,” and live up to earlier commitments to wind down its nuclear program.
North Korea expelled inspectors from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), stopped dismantling its reactor at Yongbyon, and pulled out of the six-party talks in May 2009 in a furious reaction to a United Nations condemnation of a missile test. Pyongyang later exploded a nuclear device for the second time. The hermit nation is believed to have enough weaponized plutonium to make several atomic bombs.